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The intellectual arguments against Christianity include the suppositions that it is a faith of violence, corruption, superstition, polytheism, and bigotry.
In the early years of Christianity, the Neoplatonic philosopher Porphyry emerged as one of the major critics with his book Against the Christians.
In modern translations of the Bible, the results of textual criticism have led to certain verses being left out or marked as not original.
These possible later additions include the following: Most Bibles have footnotes to indicate areas which have disputed source documents.
This result is quite amazing, demonstrating a far greater agreement among the Greek texts of the New Testament during the past century than textual scholars would have suspected…
In the Gospels, Acts, and Revelation the agreement is less, while in the letters it is much greater." With the discovery of the Hebrew Bible texts among the Dead Sea Scrolls, questions have been raised about the textual accuracy of the Masoretic text.
Biblical criticism, in particular higher criticism, covers a variety of methods used since the Enlightenment in the early 18th century as scholars began to apply to biblical documents the same methods and perspectives which had already been applied to other literary and philosophical texts.
Verses in which any one of the seven editions differs by a single word are not counted.
In the late eighteenth century, the French Revolution saw a number of politicians and philosophers criticizing traditional Christian doctrines, precipitating a wave of secularism in which hundreds of churches were closed down and thousands of priests were deported.
Following the French Revolution, prominent philosophers of liberalism and communism, such as John Stuart Mill and Karl Marx, criticized Christian doctrine on the grounds that it was conservative and anti-democratic.
The opposing view is that there is too much corruption, or translation too difficult, to agree with modern texts.
See also: Unfulfilled Christian religious predictions Hundreds of years before the time of Jesus, Jewish prophets promised that a messiah would come.
Bible Commentaries also discuss these, sometimes in great detail.